Exposition is a text that elaborates the writer's idea about the phenomenon surrounding. Purposes: To persuade the readers that idea is important matter. To persuade the readers or listeners that there is something that, certainly, needs to get attention. 

hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to explain the listeners or readers that something should or should not happen or be done. In other words, the main function of Hortatory Exposition text is to persuade the readers or listener that something should or should not be the case.

A Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to explain the listeners or readers that something should or should not happen or be done. To strengthen the explanation, the speaker or writer needs some arguments as the fundamental reasons of the given idea. In other words, this kind of text can be called as argumentation. Hortatory exposition text can be found in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc. Hortatory expositions are popular among science, academic community and educated people. The generic structure of Hortatory exposition usually has three components: (1) Thesis, (2) Arguments and (3) Recommendation.

A.Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition

1. Thesis : Statement or announcement of issue concern
2. Arguments : Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation
3. Recommendation : Statement of what should or should not happen or be done based on the given arguments

B.Generic Features of Hortatory Exposition

1.A Hortatory exposition focuses on generic human and non human participants, except for speaker or writer referring to self.
2.It uses mental processes. It is used to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something. For example: realize, feel etc.
3.It often needs material processes. It is used to state what happens, e.g. ….has polluted… etc.
4.It usually uses Simple Present Tense and Present Perfect Tense.
5.Enumeration is sometimes necessary to show the list of given arguments: Firstly, secondly …, Finally, etc.

Hortatory text is composed to persuade the readers. It strengthens the point to do and not to do like the writer want. To persuade the readers, a writer will use and explore arguments to support the writer’s idea about the matter. The idea which the writer want to present is called Thesis.


The thesis which is stated in the first paragraph of the exposition lead some paragraphs consist of arguments. The arguments try to prove that the thesis is an important matter needs to considered.

After all, hortatory exposition will be closed by the writer recommendation concerning about the thing discussed. Let’s look at the following example of hortatory exposition.

2. Example of Hortatory Text

Example 1:

Fasten Your Seat Belt!

A seat belt, sometimes called a safety belt, is a safety harness designed to secure the occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result from a collision or a sudden stop. Why should we use seat belt?

As part of an overall occupant restraint system, seat belts are intended to reduce injuries by stopping the wearer from hitting hard interior elements of the vehicle or other passengers (the so-called second impact) and by preventing the wearer from being thrown from the vehicle.

During 2004, total accident in DKI Jakarta are 4.544 cases, with 1.146 death victims, 63% of that accident victims didn’t use seat belt . If we use seat belt, we will be safe if an accident happening to us. Of course it will decrease the number of death by fatal accident. This fact makes us realize that if we don’t use seat belt, we will endanger our life. So it’s very important to use seat belt.

For some people, using seat belt makes journey uncomfortable, makes us can’t move freely, etc. But if we used to wear it, it will be our habit. We will feel more and more comfortable if we often use it. Regardless of whether it is comfortable or not, it is very important for us to use seat belt, to save our life.

From the above reasons, there is not any reasons for us not to use seat belt. There are so many advantages of using seat belt. And so many disadvantages will we have if we do not use seat belt. I think we have to rely on one thing: our safety. Protection is better than curing. So, wear and fasten seat belt!

Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition


This example of hortatory exposition about the importance of using seat belt while driving  has generic structure as bellow

Thesis: The first paragraph  states the thesis which using  seat belts is necessary while driving vehicles.

Argument: The second paragraph explores the function of seat belt. Seat belt is designed to reduce the impact of fatal hit in case an accident happens. The argument continue to the third paragraph that some report says that most of the death victims in the car accidents are not wearing seat belt. While the fourth paragraph, wearing seat belt will be comfortable when it has become the driver and passenger’s habit.

Recommendation: This example of hortatory text is ended with writer’s recommendation. Fastening the seat belt should be done because preventing is better than curing


ppt cause effect in hortatory text : http://bit.ly/causeeffect-teamteachingshafta